Lighting of the office workplace - current standards

Lighting is a key element contributing to a safe and comfortable workplace. According to the ordinance of the Minister of Labor and Social Policy on general occupational health and safety regulations, lighting must be provided in offices in accordance with Polish health and safety standards. These regulations define what light is required at a given workplace and what conditions it should meet to protect the eyesight and well-being of the employee.

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The sun's rays are the most beneficial source of light for human eyes, unfortunately in many cases companies are not able to provide access to sufficient daylight in the workplace. Therefore, lighting of the workplace should be supplemented with artificial lighting in the form of:

  • energy-saving
  • persistent
  • safe light source
  • meeting all health and safety requirements.

These standards include:

  • intensity - influences the speed of reaction and the comfort of work that uses eyesight; intensity should be increased when needed to increase visibility
  • luminance distribution - is responsible for the reception of light sensations, has a key impact on the quality of vision, is defined by the reflection factor and the light intensity on the surface
  • glare - results from a reduced ability to recognize objects, caused by inadequate distribution of luminance.
    flickering - stroboscopic effects, negatively affect the human body
  • directivity of light - it is about maintaining the balance between diffused light and directional light; it is used for intense lighting
  • the rendering and appearance of the color of light - the higher the value, the better the quality of the color rendering, it is given by the temperature of the light source, the colors are divided into warm, intermediate and cool
  • energy efficiency - the light source should be energy-saving and environmentally friendly, the best solution is to use LED technology.

Even distribution of lighting in the workplace is the most optimal for human eyesight. Often, however, it does not illuminate a specific place and is not a very economical solution. In this case, it is worth supporting spotlighting, adapting to the needs of a given employee and the activities performed by him.

In halls or warehouses it is worth using general lighting and at a workbench the light incident at an angle. Regardless of the nature of the work, the room should not be distracting.

By ensuring work comfort and safety, we have a positive impact on the productivity and creativity of employees. The incorrect light source has a negative impact on the productivity of employees, it is conducive to the occurrence of accidents and errors.

Working with a monitor screen

Most of our jobs depend on working in front of a screen. We are exposed not only to the harmful radiation of blue light, but also to the selection of bad lighting fittings that do not meet the requirements of the labor code.

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Computer workstations should have constant access to daylight. Health and safety regulations define the ratio of the window area to the floor area - the larger the area, the greater the number of natural sources should be lights.

It is worth, however, regardless of the daylight, supplement the lighting with office or wall lamps, illuminating the workplace. According to the standards with the monitor itself should be 500 lux (a unit that determines the intensity of light), and in the room where the workplace is located, 300. Lighting adapted to work with a computer should not be equipped with directionally reflecting fittings lighting. This is to compensate for the glare effect and high brightness. The implementation of these activities will positively affect the health and well-being of employees, as well as the comfort and efficiency of their work.

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